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Copyright © 1996-1997.
Zeus Productions. All Rights Reserved.
C - 1. the third letter of the alphabet. 2. the drive
letter usually used on a PC for the first hard
drive or boot drive. The floppy
drives are ordinarily referred to as A and B
(at least in the U.S.) 3. a popular programming language written by Brian
Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie. See
K&R, C++, Visual
C, UNIX, Lingo,
compile.4. the Roman
numeral for 100. 5. n. a single hexadecimal
digit used to represent the decimal number
12. 6. degrees Celsius or Centigrade. See K.
C Answer Book, The - companion
book containing the answers to all the exercises in K&R.
See The C Programming Language.
C Programming Language, The
- book commonly referred to as K&R. See C,
The C Answer Book..
C++ - (pronounced "See-Plus-Plus") an
object-oriented variant of C.
See Visual C++.
C3PO - an interpreter
droid in Star
Wars. See R2D2.
CA - CAlifornia.
ca - the two-letter extension assigned to domains
in Canada. See jp, uk.
CAD - 1. (pronounced "Cad") see Computer
Aided Design 2. a heel.
call - 1. v. to contact another party either via
yelling or telephony. 2. n. a programmatic reference to a subroutine, as
in, "Where is that call to PaintWindow?". 3. v. to use or refer
to another subroutine or function, as in "My application calls an Xtra
to do the real work". See gosub.
capture - to obtain data, or freeze it in time.
See screen capture, video
carriage return - a character used
to indicate the end of a line or paragraph, so-called because the Return
key on a typewriter causes the "carriage" to "return"
to the left side of the page. Note that a carriage return does not necessarily
move the cursor to the next line, which may require
a line feed character as well. See CR,
Case, Steve - CEO of
America On-Line and generally cheesy
cast - See cast file.
cast file - an external Director
file, typically with a CST extension, containing assets
such as sound, bitmap, script
and text cast members. Also known as cast,
castlib or cast library.
See Shared Cast.
castlib - cast library. See cast
cast library - See cast
cast member - an single asset in a cast
file, such as a sound, bitmap, script
or text item.
cast script - a Lingo script attached to
a specific cast member, such as a bitmap. Cast scripts are executed when
the user clicks on the associated cast member. See movie
script, sprite script, frame
script, score script.
CBS - 1. Columbia Broadcasting System,
a television network. See NBC, ABC.
CBT - see Computer
CD - 1. Compact Disc,
see WORM, coaster, CD-ROM
Burner. 2. CD-ROM drive. 3. Certificate
of Deposit (financial instrument).
CDA - Communications Decency Act
- a misguided attempt at internet censorship, sensibly overturned by the
US Supreme Court.
CD-I - CD Interactive.
CD Plus - See Enhanced
CD-ROM - Compact
Disc Read-Only Memory, a small plastic platter
that contains data optically encoded into the surface. Read by a laser in
a CD-ROM drive.
CD-ROM drive - a drive capable of reading
CD-ROMs. They come in single-speed (1X), double-speed
(2X), quad-speed (4X) and higher. See CD.
- a device capable of making coasters. See Toast,
central processing unit - the
microprocessor "brain" of
a computer, such as a Pentium or PowerPC
chip. See CPU, DSP, DMA,
parallel processing, MHz.
CEO - Chief
Executive Officer. See CFO, COO.
CFO - Chief
Financial Officer. See CEO, COO.
CGA - Color
Graphics Adapter. See EGA, VGA,
CGI - 1. Common
Gateway Interface. Scripts that add interactivity to a
web page, such as data entry. See Perl. 2. Computer
Generated Imagery. See ILM.
CHAT - first in a trilogy of cyber-novels by Nan
McCarthy of Rainwater Press.
See CONNECT, CRASH.
Chicklet - 1. chewing gum. 2. keys resembling
the chewing gum on a keyboard. See PC, Jr.
child - an entity, such as a child
object or child process, which is created
or controlled by a parent.
child object - an independent object whose
behavior is determined by its parent script.
Each child object is an independent instance
of the parent script. See method, ancestor,
child process - a process
which is controlled or created by a parent
process. If a parent process terminates, ordinarily the child process
would be terminated as well.
child window - a secondary window which
is controlled by a parent window. If
a parent window is closed, ordinarily the child window would be closed as
Chief Executive Officer - someone
who gets paid more than you, even when the company's stock is in the tank.
Often called CEO.
Chief Financial Officer - someone
who gets paid more than you, and has stock options too. Often called CFO.
Chief Operating Officer - someone
who gets paid more than you, and has stock options too. Often called COO.
chocolate - one of the three food groups.
CIG - Collapsing In Giggles,
uncommon e-mail abbreviation indicating that
the writer thought that the original statement was very funny. See LOL.
CIS - CompuServe
Clark, James "Jim" - CEO
of Netscape. Former CEO of SGI.
See Mark Andreeson.
CLI - 1. Command-Line
Interface. 2. Command
client - a computer requesting a service. A
consumer of information provided by a server.
client-server - a set-up in which one
or more servers provide content or services
for one or more clients. For internet applications,
the web browser is considered a client
of the web server.
clock speed - the speed of a CPU
as measured in MHz. All else being equal, the faster
the clock speed the faster the computer.
clone - 1. Dolly 2. a computer manufactured by
a company other than IBM or Apple,
but ostensibly adhering to the same standards and therefore compatible with
the original manufacturer's equipment. Well known clone manufacturers such
as Compaq have achieved a high degree of respectability
and market share, but the term "clone" is sometimes used derogatorily.
See Gateway 2000, DELL,
HP. Mac clone manufacturers include UMAX,
CMU - Carnegie-Mellon University.
CMYK - a color specification using Cyan,
and blacK. See RGB.
CNA - Certified Network Administrator.
CNE - Certified Network Engineer.
coaster - 1. a place to put your drink 2. an
amusement park ride, often called "roller-coaster" 3. the best
use for many CD-ROMs, see definition 1, and CD-ROM
C.O.D. - Cash On Delivery,
a method of purchase where payment is made when the goods are delivered.
Zeus Productions does not process
Code Warrior - 1. a C++ compiler
from Metrowerks, primarily for Macintosh
development, but also capable of generating Windows code. See IDE,
Visual C, CW. 2. someone
who lives by the credo, "Blood,
Sweat, Code". See Geekware.
Colin - General Powell's first name, often pronounce
Colligan, John C. "Bud" - CEO
of Macromedia. See Rob
colon - 1. the large intestine. 2. the ":"
character used as part of DOS drive
Color Graphics Adapter - an
early video standard on IBM PCs, commonly referred to as CGA.
See EGA, VGA, SVGA.
com - (pronounced "dot cahm", not "See-Oh-Em")
the final portion of the domain name of a commercial
enterprise, such as zeusprod.com.
See edu, gov, mil,
net, org, dot.
COM1- (pronounced "cahm won") the first
COMmunications serial port on a
PC. See COM2, LPT1.
COM2 - (pronounced "cahm too") the second
COMmunications serial port on a
PC. See COM1, LPT2.
command - a keyword or menu choice that initiates
a particular option.
Command key - the Command key is
used to modify other key commands. For example, Command-M indicates that
you should press the M key while holding down the Command key, as you would
the Shift key. The Command key on the Macintosh
has a "cloverleaf" or "propeller" logo on it. Refer
to the Lingo property
the commandDown. See Alt
key, Control key, Option
command line - a text entry area where
a user can issues commands to the operating system, used in DOS
command-line interface - an
interface in which the user types commands on a single line sequentially.
See CLI. Contrast GUI.
command line interpreter -
an program which parses and interprets commands
entered by the user and performs the requested operation. See CLI.
comment - text within a program, script
or batch file that is used to improve the
readability for humans. Comments, as indicated by one or more special comment
characters, are ignored by the compiler or interpreter,
and are a convenient way to temporarily disable
portions of your code. See also REM. Refer to the
comment character - a special sequence
of one of more characters that indicates that some text is a comment
and should be ignored by the computer. The comment character varies with
different languages and programs. Lingo uses two hyphens "--"
to indicate a comment. Other languages use REM,
; (semi-colon), # (number sign), // (double slash), /* (slash-asterisk)
and */ (asterisk-slash) to indicate comments. Refer to the TechNote,
commerce server - a web server that
allows for on-line credit card, or other financial, transactions. See web
Commerce Builder - a commerce
server from The Internet Factory.
Compaq - maker of IBM-compatible
PC clones. Their name stands for Compatibility
and Quality (pronounced "compak", not "compact")
although they were original known for their luggable
compile - 1. to convert the human-readable
source code, in a language such as C,
into an object module. Often used to
refer to creating an executable, which is
technically done by a linker. 2. In Director,
to convert Lingo scripts into an optimized ("tokenized")
format. Compiling Lingo scripts also verifies their syntax.
compiler - a program that compiles
source code from a programming language
into a machine-readable object module.
See Code Warrior, Visual
C, parser, linker,
Compact Disc - see CD.
Compact Disc Read-Only Memory
- see CD-ROM.
CompactPro - a compression utility that
creates CPT and SEA files.
CompuServe - a private on-line network,
also CIS, GO. See AOL,
computer aided design - use of
a computer in an engineering application, such as architecture. The most
popular CAD program is AutoCAD, by AutoDesk.
Computer Based Training - See
and the TechNote, "Choosing
a Multimedia Authoring Tool". See CBT.
concatenate - (con-CAT-in-ate) to join
together two or more strings to form a new string.
Lingo has two concatenation operators, &
CONFIG.SYS - a special DOS
file which controls the loading of device
drivers. See AUTOEXEC.BAT, SysEdit.
conflict - 1. WWII.
2. a state of incompatibility between two or more software or hardware components.
See driver conflict, hardware
conflict, software conflict,
CONNECT - second in a trilogy of cyber-novels
by Nan McCarthy of Rainwater
Press. See CHAT, CRASH.
content - 1. n. (CON-tent) the graphics, video
and sound used in a multimedia project, as opposed to the programming. It
is important to establish who will be providing the content prior to agreeing
to a project or budget. The content may be provided in raw form, such as
a Beta tape, or in finished form, such as a properly
compressed QuickTime movie. Do not underestimate
the amount of time required to massage content
into the appropriate form. 2. adj. (con-TENT) happy.
contiguous - adjacent in position and continuous.
See fragment, de-fragment.
continuation character - a special
character used to continue the current line of a script
onto the next line, which is useful for breaking up long lines of code.
The Lingo continuation characters is created using
on the Mac or Alt-Enter
on the PC.
constant - 1. an item with a fixed value or
something which does not change. For example, in Lingo,
TRUE is a constant that always equals
one (1), and
FALSE is a constant
that always equals zero (0). See dynamic, static,
Death and Taxes.
control - see Control
control character - one of the first
26 ASCII characters, generatedq
Control key - the Control key is
used to modify other key commands. For example, Control-M indicates that
you should press the M key while holding down the Control key, as you would
the Shift key. The Control key is labeled
"Ctrl" on some keyboards. Refer to the Lingo property
controlDown. See Alt key, Command
key, Option key.
Control Panel - a Mac
OS or Windows utility that performs a system
configuration function. The Time/Date control panel might set the time and
date, the memory control panel allows you to configure virtual memory, etc.
See Control Panels folder, Control
Panels (Disabled), Extension, Extensions
Manager, System Folder, Finder,
System, Start Menu.
Control Panels (Disabled) folder
- a special folder within the Macintosh System
Folder which contains Control Panels disabled
by the Extensions Manager. See Enxtensions
Control Panels folder - a special
folder within the Macintosh System Folder
which contains active Control Panels. See Control
Panels (Disabled), Extensions Manager.
COO - Chief
Operating Officer. See CEO, CFO.
2. the sound a pigeon makes.
cookie - 1. a token
used to maintain continuity between a client (web
browser) and a server (web
server). A cookie is used to record some information on your computer.
Next time you talk to a web site, it checks if the cookie is there, and
they can constitute a security risk. Therefore, most browsers allow you
to disable cookies, or can be configured to ask you whether to allow the
cookie before setting one. See magic cookie.
2. a tasty pastry, see Florentine. 3. favorite
food of Cookie Monster.
4. Something which is tossed. See Beer Pong.
Cookie Monster - a blue furry Sesame
Street Character, only slight more desirous of cookies
than a hacker at 4:00 am.
CPA - Certified Public Accountant.
CPT - the file extension used for a file compressed
with ComPacT Pro.
CPU - Central
Processing Unit. See MHz, microprocessor.
CP/M - an outdated operating
CR - an ASCII character
used to end a line or submit a text entry. See Carriage
Return, Return, CR/LF,
CR/LF - a combination of the Carriage
Return and Line Feed
characters, used to send the cursor to the left edge
of the page and down one line. FileIO on the Macintosh ends each line with
only a CR, but the Windows version of FileIO uses CR/LF.
See LF, EOL.
crap quotient - the standard by which
all crap on the net is judged. If a web site lacks
sufficient useless or uninteresting material it may actually inspire someone
to think and act consciously. Any
web site having an insufficient crap quotient is dangerous to the general
welfare and to the state, and must be removed at once. Your cooperation
CRASH - third in a trilogy of cyber-novels by
Nan McCarthy of Rainwater
Press. See CHAT, CONNECT.
Creator Code - all Macintosh files include
a hidden four-character Creator Code which binds a document
to an application. When a document is double-clicked,
its Creator Code is checked to determine which application should be used
to open the document. See APPL, File
Type, extension, Mac
OS. Refer to the TechNote, "File
Types, Creator Codes and Extensions".
CST - 1. the extension for external cast
file in Director; 2. Central Standard
Time, time zone of Midwestern United States. One (1) hour earlier
than EST, one (1) hour later than MST,
and two (2) hours later than PST. Six (6) hours
earlier than GMT.
cursor - 1. a visual element used
to indicate one's position on a computer screen. Common cursors include
an arrow, an hourglass, or a watch. Command-line
interfaces often use a blinking underscore or solid rectangle to indicate
the insertion point. See LF.
2. a Lingo command which sets the
CVT - Continuously Variable Transmission,
featured on some Hondas.
CW - various versions of Code
Warrior, such as CW9, CW10, CW11.
cyan - a light blue primary
color, used in CMYK specifications.
...continue with letter D...
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Copyright © 1996-1997. Zeus
Productions. All Rights Reserved.
(This page last revised August 4, 1997)